Understanding Wet Age-related Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that impacts the part of the eye that provides sharp, central vision and is a leading cause of blindness in people age 60 and over.1 Wet AMD is an advanced form of the disease that can cause rapid and severe vision loss.2
A Growing Disease
PREVALENCE OF AMD
Approximately 11 million Americans have some form of macular degeneration, while 1.1 million or 10% of those Americans have wet AMD2
IMPACT OF WET AMD
90% of AMD-related severe vision loss is caused by wet AMD,2 and about 200,000 new cases of wet AMD are diagnosed each year in the U.S.3
Effect of Wet AMD on Your Eye2
Damage can lead to rapid and severe vision loss
Abnormal blood vessels form within the retina
The blood vessels leak blood or fluid in the macula, causing swelling or damage
Impact on Everyday Vision
Wet AMD may impact the ability to:4
SEE OR RECOGNIZE FACES
READ AND WRITE
Signs and Symptoms
Wet AMD can typically appear suddenly and progress quickly.5 Symptoms typically include:6
SUDDEN BLURRED VISION
BLIND SPOTS DEVELOP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE FIELD OF VISION
DIFFICULTY DISTINGUISHING COLORS
EDGES OR LINES APPEAR WAVY
AMD Risk Factors7
Women are at a higher risk for AMD
Caucasians are more likely to develop AMD
Increases risk by 2-5 times
Annual Dilated Retina Eye Exam
Visit a retina specialist annually for a dilated retina eye exam. It’s the best way to detect changes in vision.
1 National Health Institute Medline Plus. Leading Causes of Blindness. Available at: https://medlineplus.gov/magazine/issues/summer08/articles/summer08pg14-15.html. Accessed September 5, 2017.
2 BrightFocus Foundation. Macular Degeneration: Essential Facts. Available at: http://www.brightfocus.org/macular/news/macular-essential-facts. Accessed September 5, 2017.
3 Stewart, M. (2012) The Expanding Role of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Inhibitors in Ophthalmology. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 87(1):77-88.
4 BrightFocus Foundation. Signs and Symptoms. Available at: http://www.brightfocus.org/macular/symptoms-and-signs. Accessed September 5, 2017.
5 American Macular Degeneration Foundation. Wet Macular Degenration (AMD). Available at: https://www.macular.org/wet-amd. Accessed September 5, 2017.
6 Kellogg Eye Center. AMD. Available at: http://www.kellogg.umich.edu/patientcare/conditions/amd.html. Accessed September 5, 2017.
7 Bright Focus Foundation. Macular Degeneration Prevention and Risk Factors. Available at: http://www.brightfocus.org/macular/prevention-and-risk-factors. Accessed September 5, 2017.