The Black MS Experience

This is an unparalleled time in the field of MS research because we have a better understanding of how MS behaves in various patient populations, including the Black community. For decades, experts believed MS was a disease of young, White women. However, that’s not the case. Studies show just as many Black individuals have MS as their White counterparts, and the incidence may be higher, particularly in Black women, than in other ethnic populations.1,2,3

Low awareness of the Black MS experience is a factor that can delay diagnosis and, therefore, also interfere with getting started early on a high-efficacy disease-modifying therapy that may help to slow the progression of disability - an important goal of treating MS.


MS is a progressive disease from the start for everyone, regardless of relapses - yet symptoms may vary from person to person. Some people may be only mildly affected, while others may lose their ability to see clearly, write, speak or walk. There are also invisible symptoms, like cognitive impairment, ­fatigue, and sensory issues that can take a physical, mental, and emotional toll and significantly impact the experience of a person living with MS.

However, there are commonalities that we are seeing in the Black MS population compared to White people living with MS. For instance, Black people may be older at the time of diagnosis, experience more severe symptoms, and have faster disease progression, including an increased risk of secondary progressive MS. They also are more likely to have more involvement of the spinal cord and optic nerve. These factors may mean Black people have greater disability at the time of diagnosis with an even greater risk of cane dependency.4,5

These differences in patient outcomes may be due to health disparities, such as social determinants of health, gaps in healthcare professional cultural competency, and the stigma associated with an “invisible” disease.6,7 Lack of representation in clinical trials may also be contributing to health disparities, with only 5% of Black people (who make up 12% of the U.S. population) participating in clinical trials.8 More research and increasing diversity in clinical trials is needed to help better understand the MS disease course in certain populations like the Black MS community.


At Genentech, we understand health inequities are complex and cannot be solved overnight. However, we are proud to be making progress through initiatives like #MSVisibility that recognizes diversity in MS and provides culturally-relevant resources to enable better MS care.

Recently we brought together an inspirational group of Black women living with or connected to MS to have an authentic conversation about their experiences, finding strength, and becoming an active participant in your healthcare journey.

Hear from Dr. Mitzi Joi Williams (neurologist + MS specialist), Victoria Reese (founder of We Are ILL, diagnosed in 2012), Azure Antoinette (poet and advocate, diagnosed in 2009), Brandee Evans (actor and MS caregiver for her mother) and Dana Spencer (Genentech diversity & inclusion board member):

The Truth About the Black MS Experience

Hear from the group as they discuss personal experiences with MS as Black women.

The Power of Self-Advocacy

You are the best expert of your own body and MS, which is different for each person.
Learn more from the group about becoming an active participant in your healthcare journey.

The Strength in Vulnerability

The group discusses the importance of finding strength and embracing vulnerability within the Black MS community.

Our Commitment to MS Health Equity

We know all too well that healthcare is not always equitable and that the Black and Hispanic / Latinx communities often face inequalities that lead to less access and worse health outcomes. We’re doing our part to combat this reality and working with patients and other stakeholders to ensure we’re engaged on this critical issue.

We’re making a significant investment in advancing the care of underrepresented people with MS and are proud to be making progress through initiatives that advance inclusive research by providing culturally and linguistically relevant support and education. For example, we’re conducting a Phase IV CHIMES study – the first-ever clinical trial to focus exclusively on Black and Hispanic / Latinx people living with MS in the U.S. and have also launched #MSVisibility, a program that recognizes diversity in MS and provides culturally-relevant resources to enable better MS care.

It’s important to have the right information and support when living with MS. Be sure to check back for additional resources for the Black MS community as we continue to update this page.

These websites are not controlled or maintained by Genentech. Including them here does not constitute an endorsement by Genentech of these websites, the content displayed therein, or the persons or entities associated therewith.


  1. National MS Society. "Who Gets MS? - MS in the Black Community." Retrieved November 2020.
  2. Wallin et al, Brain 2012
  3. Hittle M, et al. Population-Based Estimates for the Prevalence of Multiple Sclerosis in the United States by Race, Ethnicity, Age, Sex, and Geographic Region. JAMA Neurol. 2023;80(7):693-701.
  4. Cree BA, Reich DE, Khan O, De Jager PL, Nakashima I, Takahashi T, Bar-Or A, Tong C, Hauser SL, Oksenberg JR. Modification of Multiple Sclerosis Phenotypes by African Ancestry at HLA. Arch Neurol. 2009 Feb;66(2):226-33. doi: 10.1001/archneurol.2008.541. PMID: 19204159; PMCID: PMC4334456.
  5. Khan O, Williams MJ, Amezcua L, Javed A, Larsen KE, Smrtka JM. Multiple sclerosis in US minority populations: Clinical practice insights. Neurol Clin Pract. 2015 Apr;5(2):132-142. doi: 10.1212/CPJ.0000000000000112. PMID: 26137421; PMCID: PMC4404283.
  6. Annette F. Okai. “Advancing Care and Outcomes for African American Patients With Multiple Sclerosis.” Neurology.
  7. Lilyana Amezcua, MD, MS. “Health Disparities, Inequities, and Social Determinants of Health in Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders in the U.S.” JAMA Neurology.
  8. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Clinical Trials Shed Light on Minority Health. U.S. Food and Drug Administration Website. Published 2018.