Macular degeneration results from damage to the macula, the part of the eye responsible for central vision and the ability to see fine details clearly.1 Most cases of macular degeneration occur as part of the aging process and are known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD).1 AMD is a progressive retinal disease with multiple environmental and genetic risk factors.1
1 National Eye Institute. Age-related macular degeneration: What You
Should Know. National Eye Institute:
NIH publication 03-2294. Available at: https://www.nei.nih.gov/learn-about-eye-health/eye-conditions-and-diseases/age-related-macular-degeneration#section-id-7325. Accessed February 3, 2023.
2 BrightFocus Foundation. Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Facts & Figures. Available at: https://www.brightfocus.org/macular/article/age-related-macular-facts-figures. Accessed February 3, 2023.
3 Jager RD, Mieler WF, Miller JW. Age-Related macular degeneration. New England Journal of Medicine. 2008; 358:2606-2617
4 American Academy of Ophthalmology. What is Macular Degeneration?. Available at: https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/amd-macular-degeneration. Accessed February 3, 2023.
5 JAMA Ophthalmology. Original Investigation: Prevalence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in the US in 2019. Available at: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaophthalmology/article-abstract/2797921. Accessed February 3, 2023.
6 Maguire MG. Comparing treatments for age-related macular degeneration: safety, effectiveness and cost. Issue Brief. 2012;17(8). Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics. Accessed February 7, 2020. https://ldi.upenn.edu/wp-content/uploads/archive/pdf/Issue%20Brief%2017_8.pdf
7 National Eye Institute.Age-Related Macular Degeneration: NEI Looks Ahead. States. Available at: https://medialibrary.nei.nih.gov/search?keywords=&f%5B0%5D=category%3A4#/media/1777. Accessed February 3, 2023.
8 BrightFocus Foundation. Macular Degeneration: Essential Facts. Available at: https://www.brightfocus.org/macular/news/macular-essential-facts. Accessed February 3, 2023.