Genentech takes the health and safety of our patients, customers, employees and local communities very seriously, and we are actively responding to the global COVID-19 pandemic. For more, please visit our COVID-19 response page.

Saturday, Dec 5, 2015

New Results from CLL11 Study Show Gazyva® Provided People with Previously Untreated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia a Treatment-free Period of Nearly Four Years

These results and data from Phase IIIb GREEN study to be presented at the 57th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting from December 5-8 in Orlando

South San Francisco, CA -- December 5, 2015 --

Genentech, a member of the Roche Group (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: RHHBY), announced today updated data from the pivotal CLL11 study confirming that Gazyva (obinutuzumab) plus chlorambucil reduced the risk of disease worsening or death by more than half compared to Rituxan® (rituximab) plus chlorambucil (progression-free survival, PFS; HR=0.46, median PFS 28.7 months versus 15.7 months; p<0.0001). New results to be presented at the American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting from a secondary endpoint that measured time to next treatment (TTNT) showed that, after completing the set six-month Gazyva regimen, people remained treatment-free for nearly four years on average before needing the next treatment for their cancer (TTNT; 51.1 months, including the six-month initial treatment period). No unexpected safety signals were observed with Gazyva.

“These updated CLL11 data confirmed that Gazyva helped people with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia live significantly longer without disease worsening or death compared to Rituxan,” said Sandra Horning, M.D., chief medical officer and head of Global Product Development. “After a fixed course of therapy with Gazyva, people remained treatment-free for nearly four years on average. Time free from treatment is an important consideration for a disease like CLL, which occurs in older adults who frequently have other health issues. ”

In the GREEN safety study, data from a subgroup analysis showed there were no unexpected safety signals when Gazyva was combined with bendamustine. In addition, nearly 80 percent of people responded to treatment with Gazyva plus bendamustine (overall response rate, ORR), and a third of people (32.3 percent) achieved a complete response (CR). A substantial number of people were also minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative when measured in the bone marrow or blood (28 percent and 59 percent, respectively), which means no cancer can be detected using a specific test. ORR and MRD-negativity were secondary endpoints of the study.

Gazyva in combination with chlorambucil is approved in the United States for use in people with previously untreated CLL and in the EU for use in people with previously untreated CLL who have co-existing medical conditions (comorbidities) making them unsuitable for an intensive therapy (full-dose fludarabine based therapy).

About the CLL11 Study

CLL11 is a Phase III, multicenter, open-label, randomized three-arm study investigating the efficacy and safety profile of Gazyva plus chlorambucil, Rituxan plus chlorambucil and chlorambucil alone in 781 people with previously untreated CLL. Stage 1 (n=589) compared Gazyva plus chlorambucil to chlorambucil alone and Rituxan plus chlorambucil to chlorambucil alone. Stage 2 (n=663) compared Gazyva plus chlorambucil with Rituxan plus chlorambucil.

The primary endpoint of the study was PFS and secondary endpoints included ORR, overall survival (OS), CR, response duration, disease free survival (DFS), TTNT, MRD-negativity and safety profile.

The updated analysis from CLL11 will be presented at a poster session on Saturday, December 5 at 5:30 P.M. EST (Abstract #1733).

 

Stage 1a

Stage 2

Treatment Group

G + Clb

Clb Alone

G + Clb

R + Clb

Median PFS

31.1 months

11.1 months

28.7 months

15.7 months

HR

0.20 (95% CI 0.15-0.26)

p<0.0001

0.46 (95% CI 0.38-0.55)

p<0.0001

Median TTNT (measured from treatment initiation of six-month regimen until time of next treatment initiation)

51.1 months

15.1 months

51.1 months

38.2 months

HR

0.24 (95% CI 0.17-0.34)

p<0.0001

0.57 (95% CI 0.44-0.74)

p<0.0001

OS

Not reached

58.5 months

Not reached

Not reached

HR

0.62 (95% CI 0.42-0.92)

p=0.0167

0.77 (95% CI 0.57-1.05)

p=0.0932

Safety

No new safety signals were identified in this updated analysis.

Previously reported most common Grade 3/4 adverse events were infusion-related reactions (IRRs) during the first infusion (21% vs. 0% [chlorambucil is an oral medicine]), low platelet count (thrombocytopenia, 11% vs. 3%) and low count of certain types of white blood cells (neutropenia, 34% vs. 16%)

Previously reported Grade 3-5 adverse events were IRRs (20% vs. 4%), low count of certain types of white blood cells (neutropenia, 33% vs. 27%) and infections (7% vs. 7%)

About the GREEN Study

GREEN is an ongoing Phase IIIb safety study. This multicenter, open-label, single-arm study is evaluating the safety and efficacy of Gazyva alone or in combination with chemotherapy, including bendamustine, in people with previously untreated or relapsed/refractory CLL. The primary endpoint of the study was safety with secondary endpoints including ORR and MRD-negativity.

The study included a subgroup of people who were previously untreated and who received treatment with Gazyva in combination with bendamustine. Data from this subgroup analysis will be presented at an oral presentation on Monday, December 7 at 7:00 A.M. EST (Abstract #493).

Treatment subgroup (n=158)

Previously untreated, received G + B

ORR

78.5%

CR (including incomplete CR [CRi])

32.3%

MRD-negativity rates in the overall study population (ITT)

58.9% in blood

27.8% in bone marrow

Safety

No new safety signals were identified in this analysis. The most common serious adverse events were low count of certain types of white blood cells (neutropenia, 10.8%), fever (pyrexia, 7.6%), low count of certain types of white blood cells with fever (febrile neutropenia, 7%) and tumor lysis syndrome (TLS, 5.1%)

About Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

CLL is one of the most common forms of blood cancer and in 2015, it is expected that there will be about 4,650 deaths from CLL in the United States. Most cases of CLL (95 percent) start in white blood cells called B-cells that have a protein called CD20 on their surface.

About Gazyva

Gazyva is an engineered monoclonal antibody designed to attach to CD20, a protein found only on B-cells. It attacks targeted cells both directly and together with the body's immune system. Gazyva is thought to have an increased ability to induce direct cell death and induces greater activity in how it recruits the body’s immune system to attack B-cells (antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity; ADCC) when compared to Rituxan. Gazyva was discovered by Roche Glycart AG, a wholly owned, independent research unit of Roche. In the United States, Gazyva is part of a collaboration between Genentech and Biogen Idec.

Gazyva is being studied in a large clinical program, including the Phase III GOYA and GALLIUM studies. GOYA is comparing Gazyva head-to-head with Rituxan plus chemotherapy in first line diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and GALLIUM is comparing Gazyva plus chemotherapy head-to-head with Rituxan plus chemotherapy in first line indolent non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). Additional combination studies investigating Gazyva with other approved or investigational medicines, including cancer immunotherapies and small molecule inhibitors, are planned or underway across a range of blood cancers.

Gazyva Indication

Gazyva is a prescription medicine used with the chemotherapy drug, chlorambucil, to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in adults who have not had previous CLL treatment.

Important Safety Information

Patients must tell their doctor right away about any side effects they experience.

Gazyva can cause side effects that can become serious or life threatening, including:

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV): Hepatitis B can cause liver failure and death. If a patient has had history of hepatitis B infection, Gazyva could cause it to return. Patients should not receive Gazyva if they have active hepatitis B liver disease. The patient’s doctor or healthcare team will need to screen for hepatitis B before, and monitor the patient for hepatitis during and after, treatment with Gazyva. Sometimes this will require treatment for hepatitis B. Symptoms of hepatitis include: worsening of fatigue and yellow discoloration of skin or eyes.

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML): PML is a rare and serious brain infection caused by a virus. PML can be fatal. A patient’s weakened immune system could put the patient at risk. The patient’s doctor will watch for symptoms. Symptoms of PML include: confusion, difficulty talking or walking, dizziness or loss of balance, and vision problems.

Additional possible serious side effects of Gazyva:

Patients must tell their doctor right away about any side effects they experience. Gazyva can cause side effects that may become severe or life threatening, including:

  • Infusion Reactions: These side effects may occur during or within 24 hours of any Gazyva infusion. Some infusion reactions can be serious, including, but not limited to, severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis), acute life-threatening breathing problems, or other life-threatening infusion reactions. If a patient has a reaction, the infusion is either slowed or stopped until the patient’s symptoms are resolved. Most patients are able to complete infusions and receive medication again. However, if the infusion reaction is serious, the infusion of Gazyva will be permanently stopped. The patient’s healthcare team will take steps to help lessen any side effects the patient may have to the infusion process. The patient may be given medicines to take before each Gazyva treatment. Signs of infusion reactions may include: dizziness, nausea, chills, fever, vomiting, diarrhea, breathing problems, and chest pain.
  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome (TLS): Gazyva works to break down cancer cells quickly.

As cancer cells break apart, their contents are released into the blood. These contents may cause damage to organs and the heart, and may lead to kidney failure requiring the need for dialysis treatment. TLS, including death, has been reported in patients receiving Gazyva. The patient's doctor may prescribe medication to help prevent TLS. The patient's doctor will also conduct regular blood tests to check for TLS. Symptoms of TLS may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and tiredness.

  • Infections: While a patient is taking Gazyva, the patient may develop infections. Some of these infections may be severe. Fatal infections have been reported, so the patient should be sure to talk to the doctor if the patient thinks the patient has one. Patients with active infection should not be treated with Gazyva. Infections may continue even after the patient stops taking Gazyva. The patient's doctor may prescribe medications to help prevent infections. Symptoms of infection include fever and cough.
  • Low White Blood Cell Count : When a patient has an abnormally low count of infection-fighting white blood cells, it is called neutropenia. While the patient is taking Gazyva, the patient's doctor will do blood work to check the patient's white blood cell counts. Neutropenia can develop during or after treatment with Gazyva. It may also last for more than one month. If a patient's white blood cell count is low, the patient's doctor may prescribe medication to help prevent infections.
  • Low Platelet Count: Platelets help stop bleeding or blood loss. Gazyva may reduce the number of platelets the patient has in the blood. This may affect the clotting process. While the patient is taking Gazyva, the patient’s doctor will do blood work to check the patient’s platelet count.

Most common side effects of Gazyva

The most common side effects of Gazyva are infusion reactions, low white blood cell counts, low platelet counts, low red blood cell counts, fever, cough, nausea, and diarrhea.

Before receiving Gazyva, patients should talk to their doctor about:

Immunizations: Before receiving Gazyva therapy, the patient should tell the patient’s healthcare provider if the patient has recently received or is scheduled to receive a vaccine. Patients who are treated with Gazyva should not receive live vaccines.

Pregnancy: A patient should tell the doctor if the patient is pregnant, plans to become pregnant, or is breastfeeding. Gazyva may harm the unborn baby. Mothers who have been exposed to Gazyva during pregnancy should discuss the safety and timing of live virus vaccinations for their infants with their child’s healthcare providers. It is not known if Gazyva may pass into the patient’s breast milk. The patient should speak to the doctor about using Gazyva if the patient is breastfeeding.

Patients must tell their doctor about any side effects.

These are not all of the possible side effects of Gazyva. For more information, patients should ask their doctor or pharmacist.

Gazyva is available by prescription only.

Report side effects to the FDA at (800) FDA-1088, or http://www.fda.gov/medwatch. Report side effects to Genentech at (888) 835-2555.

Please visit http://www.Gazyva.com for the full Prescribing Information, including

Boxed WARNINGS, for additional Important Safety Information.

Rituxan Indications

Rituxan (rituximab) is indicated for the treatment of patients with:

· Relapsed or refractory, low-grade or follicular, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL as a single agent

· Previously untreated follicular, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL in combination with first-line chemotherapy and, in patients achieving a complete or partial response to Rituxan in combination with chemotherapy, as single-agent maintenance therapy

· Non-progressing (including stable disease), low-grade, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL, as a single agent, after first-line CVP chemotherapy

· Previously untreated diffuse large B-cell, CD20-positive NHL in combination with CHOP or other anthracycline-based chemotherapy regimens

· Previously untreated and previously treated CD20-positive CLL in combination with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide (FC)

Rituxan is not recommended for use in patients with severe, active infections.

Important Safety Information:

Rituxan can cause serious side effects that can lead to death, including:

  • Infusion Reactions: may occur during or within 24 hours of the infusion. The

patient’s doctor should give the patient medicines before their treatment. Symptoms can include hives, rash, itching, facial or oral swelling, sudden cough, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, weakness, dizziness, feeling faint, racing heart or chest pain.

  • Severe Skin and Mouth Reactions: symptoms can include painful sores, ulcers, or blisters on the skin, lips or mouth; peeling skin; rash; or pustules.
  • Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Reactivation: may cause serious liver problems including liver failure and death. If patients have had hepatitis B or are carriers of HBV, receiving Rituxan could cause the virus to become an active infection again. Patient should not receive Rituxan if they have active HBV liver disease. The patient’s doctor will do blood tests to check for HBV infection prior to treatment and will monitor the patient during and for several months following their treatment.
  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML): a rare, serious brain infection that can lead to severe disability and death and for which there is no known prevention, treatment or cure. Symptoms can include difficulty thinking, loss of balance, changes in speech or walking, weakness on one side of the body or blurred or lost vision.

What are the additional possible serious side effects of Rituxan?

Patients must tell their doctor right away about any side effects they experience. Rituxan can cause serious side effects that can lead to death, including:

  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome (TLS): may cause kidney failure and the need for dialysis treatment, abnormal heart rhythm and can lead to death. The patient’s doctor may give the patient medicines before their treatment to help prevent TLS.
  • Serious Infections: can happen during and after treatment and can lead to

death. These infections may be bacterial, fungal or viral. Symptoms can include fever; cold or flu symptoms; earache or headache; pain during urination; white patches in the mouth or throat; cuts or scrapes that are red, warm, swollen or painful.

  • Heart Problems: symptoms can include chest pain and irregular heartbeats that may require treatment. The patient’s doctor may need to stop their treatment.
  • Kidney Problems: the patient’s doctor should do blood tests to check how well the patient’s kidneys are working.
  • Stomach and Serious Bowel Problems: can include blockage or tears in the bowel that can lead to death. Stomach area pain during treatment can be a symptom.
  • Low Blood Cell Counts: the patient’s blood cell counts may be monitored during treatment.

The most common side effects of Rituxan are infusion reactions, chills, infections, body aches, tiredness and low white blood cells.

Patients must tell their doctor if they are pregnant, plan to become pregnant or are breastfeeding. It is not known if Rituxan may harm the patient’s unborn baby or pass into the patient’s breast milk. Women should use birth control while using Rituxan and for 12 months after treatment.

Patients must tell their doctor about any side effect that bothers them or that does not go away.

These are not all of the possible side effects of Rituxan. For more information, patients should ask their doctor or pharmacist.

Report side effects to the FDA at (800) FDA-1088 or http://www.fda.gov/medwatch . Report side effects to Genentech at (888) 835-2555.

Please see the Rituxan full Prescribing Information, including Most Serious Side Effects, for additional important safety information at http://www.Rituxan.com.

About Genentech In Hematology

For more than 20 years, Genentech has been developing medicines with the goal to redefine treatment in hematology. Today, we’re investing more than ever in our effort to bring innovative treatment options to people with diseases of the blood. In addition to approved medicines Rituxan® (rituximab) and Gazyva® (obinutuzumab), Genentech’s pipeline of investigational hematology medicines includes an anti-PDL1 antibody (atezolizumab/MPDL3280A), an anti-CD79b antibody drug conjugate (polatuzumab vedotin/RG7596), a small molecule antagonist of MDM2 (idasanutlin/RG7388) and in collaboration with AbbVie, a small molecule BCL-2 inhibitor (venetoclax/RG7601/GDC-0199/ABT-199). Genentech’s dedication to developing novel molecules in hematology expands beyond oncology, with the development of the investigational hemophilia A treatment emicizumab (ACE910).

About Genentech

Founded more than 35 years ago, Genentech is a leading biotechnology company that discovers, develops, manufactures and commercializes medicines to treat patients with serious or life-threatening medical conditions. The company, a member of the Roche Group, has headquarters in South San Francisco, California. For additional information about the company, please visit http://www.gene.com.

 

                                                                                        ###